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[ hav; unstressed huhv, uhv; for 26 usually haf ]SEE DEFINITION OF have

Synonyms for have

  • accept
  • acquire
  • admit
  • bear
  • carry
  • enjoy
  • gain
  • get
  • hold
  • include
  • keep
  • obtain
  • own
  • pick up
  • possess
  • receive
  • retain
  • take
  • annex
  • compass
  • corner
  • hog
  • land
  • occupy
  • procure
  • secure
  • chalk up
  • get hands on
  • get hold of
  • have in hand
  • latch on to
  • lock up
  • sit on
  • take in
  • teem with

Antonyms for have

  • abandon
  • avoid
  • deny
  • disallow
  • dispossess
  • dispute
  • dodge
  • drop
  • exclude
  • fail
  • forfeit
  • forsake
  • free
  • give
  • lack
  • let go
  • lose
  • miss
  • misunderstand
  • need
  • neglect
  • not have
  • offer
  • pass
  • refuse
  • reject
  • release
  • spend
  • stop
  • surrender
  • throw away
  • yield
  • kill
  • want
Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


Old English habban "to own, possess; be subject to, experience," from Proto-Germanic *haben- (cf. Old Norse hafa, Old Saxon hebbjan, Old Frisian habba, German haben, Gothic haban "to have"), from PIE *kap- "to grasp" (see capable). Not related to Latin habere, despite similarity in form and sense; the Latin cognate is capere "seize." Old English second person singular present hæfst, third person singular present hæfð became Middle English hast, hath, while Old English -bb- became -v- in have. The past participle had developed from Old English gehæfd.

Sense of "possess, have at one's disposal" (I have a book) is a shift from older languages, where the thing possessed was made the subject and the possessor took the dative case (e.g. Latin est mihi liber "I have a book," literally "there is to me a book"). Used as an auxiliary in Old English, too (especially to form present perfect tense); the word has taken on more functions over time; Modern English he had better would have been Old English him (dative) wære betere. To have to for "must" (1570s) is from sense of "possess as a duty or thing to be done" (Old English). Phrase have a nice day as a salutation after a commercial transaction attested by 1970, American English. Phrase have (noun), will (verb) is from 1954, originally from comedian Bob Hope, in the form Have tux, will travel; Hope described this as typical of vaudevillians' ads in "Variety," indicating a willingness to perform anywhere, any time.



Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.
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