Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


This was a common practice during the festival of Thargelia, in honour of Phœbus.

One of them common Pullmans is good enough fur Marthy and me.

They are valuable, but he can do but common things with them because he knows not their possibilities.

They called him a King or a prince and obeyed his orders for their own common benefit.

They are money entrusted to him to be used for the common good.

All the systems of writing of the ancient people of Asia had one thing in common.

We are held by particular bonds of sympathy and common interest with them.

By common consent he was pre-eminently God-fearing, orderly and conscientious.

Of course, in times of peace, they may facilitate the common business of politics.

In such a spirit on my part and on yours we face our common difficulties.


c.1300, "belonging to all, general," from Old French comun "common, general, free, open, public" (9c., Modern French commun), from Latin communis "in common, public, shared by all or many; general, not specific; familiar, not pretentious," from PIE *ko-moin-i- "held in common," compound adjective formed from *ko- "together" + *moi-n-, suffixed form of root *mei- "change, exchange" (see mutable), hence literally "shared by all."

Second element of the compound also is the source of Latin munia "duties, public duties, functions," those related to munia "office." Perhaps reinforced in Old French by the Germanic form of PIE *ko-moin-i- (cf. Old English gemæne "common, public, general, universal;" see mean (adj.)), which came to French via Frankish.

Used disparagingly of women and criminals since c.1300. Common pleas is 13c., from Anglo-French communs plets, hearing civil actions by one subject against another as opposed to pleas of the crown. Common prayer is contrasted with private prayer. Common stock is attested from 1888.


Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.