Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.

EXAMPLES FROM THE WEB FOR CLOSE UP

Vent plugs, or caps, close up the filling or vent tubes in the covers.

If he should slip there would be an end of it, for the grisly was close up now.

Then you're not disappointed in the way it sounds, close up?

We'll have to hurry up, or the storekeeper may close up on us.

We just waited until they were close up and then shot them down.

The Boers must be close up, for the advance-guard is falling back.

Oh, if it is only true, and the British forces are close up!

He proposed to his wife that they close up their affairs, and go to live in England.

"But freedom of exchange will close up some industries," said a critic.

I saw them close up their ranks six times in succession and march as if on parade.

WORD ORIGIN

c.1200, "to shut, cover in," from Old French clos- (past participle stem of clore "to shut, to cut off from"), 12c., from Latin clausus, past participle of claudere "to shut, close; to block up, make inaccessible; put an end to; shut in, enclose, confine" (always -clusus, -cludere in compounds).

The Latin word might be from the possible PIE root *klau- "hook, peg, crooked or forked branch" (used as a bar or bolt in primitive structures); cf. Latin clavis "key," clavus "nail," claustrum "bar, bolt, barrier," claustra "dam, wall, barricade, stronghold;" Greek kleidos (genitive) "bar, bolt, key," klobos "cage;" Old Irish clo "nail," Middle Irish clithar "hedge, fence;" Old Church Slavonic ključi "hook, key," ključiti "shut;" Lithuanian kliuti "to catch, be caught on," kliaudziu "check, hinder," kliuvu "clasp, hang;" Old High German sliozan "shut," German schließen "to shut," Schlüssel "key."

Also partly from Old English beclysan "close in, shut up." Intransitive sense "become shut" is from late 14c. Meaning "draw near to" is from 1520s. Intransitive meaning "draw together, come together" is from 1550s, hence the idea in military verbal phrase close ranks (mid-17c.), later with figurative extensions. Meaning "bring to an end, finish" is from c.1400; intransitive sense "come to an end" is from 1826. Of stock prices, from 1860. Meaning "bring together the parts of" (a book, etc.) is from 1560s. Related: Closed; closing.

MORE RELATED WORDS FOR CLOSE UP

Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.