Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


His work, a sealed book to his women before, lay open to her.

Once this junction was formed, the Hudson lay open--and after that?

All that was left of her was the purple prayer-book which lay open on the bed.

She jerked an impatient thumb at a telegram that lay open on the dressing-table.

The physician of whom I have spoken, was disposed to lay open his heart to me.

I was dusting my father's books, which lay open just as he had left them.

No corner of his being but lay open to the great Consolatrix.

It was Sunday evening, and Eva's Bible lay open on her knee.

Suffice it to say that the northern frontier of France lay open to attack.

It is no trifling matter to lay open a tree ten feet in diameter.


Old English lecgan "to place on the ground (or other surface)," also "put down (often by striking)," from Proto-Germanic *lagjanan (cf. Old Saxon leggian, Old Norse leggja, Old Frisian ledza, Middle Dutch legghan, Dutch leggen, Old High German lecken, German legen, Gothic lagjan "to lay, put, place"), causative of lie (v.2). As a noun, from 1550s, "act of laying." Meaning "way in which something is laid" (e.g. lay of the land) first recorded 1819.

Meaning "have sex with" first recorded 1934, in U.S. slang, probably from sense of "deposit" (which was in Old English, as in lay an egg, lay a bet, etc.), perhaps reinforced by to lie with, a phrase frequently met in the Bible. The noun meaning "woman available for sexual intercourse" is attested from 1930, but there are suggestions of it in stage puns from as far back as 1767. To lay for (someone) "await a chance at revenge" is from late 15c.; lay low "stay inconspicuous" is from 1839. To lay (someone) low preserves the secondary Old English sense.


Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.