Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.

EXAMPLES FROM THE WEB FOR SUBSTANCES

He pounded all the substances which he supposed were likely to produce it.

These substances are obtained from wood or coal, which once was wood.

We derive the renewal of our blood and juices, which are constantly exhausting, from the substances converted into food.

These substances are fortunately very cheap, and it is not easy to say to which of the two the preference ought to be given.

The beautiful laws and substances of the world persecute and whip the traitor.

Each of these substances, the white coral and the red, however, has a relationship to the other.

The substances utilised for this purpose are fragments of wood and of gum.

We find that resistance is to substances not so mixed in or incorporated.

The most satisfactory of these substances is chloride of calcium .

All of these substances should be carefully reduced to powder and then mixed.

WORD ORIGIN

c.1300, "essential nature," from Old French substance (12c.), from Latin substantia "being, essence, material," from substans, present participle of substare "stand firm, be under or present," from sub "up to, under" + stare "to stand," from PIE root *sta- "to stand" (see stet). A loan-translation of Greek hypostasis. Meaning "any kind of corporeal matter" is first attested mid-14c. Sense of "the matter of a study, discourse, etc." first recorded late 14c.