Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


Merchants had to stock up in the fall with enough goods to last until spring.

We may not be here long, and we dont want to stock up too heavily.

"I'm goin' to stock up with some horses when I git back," he said to himself.

The two purchase a horse and wagon, stock up with goods, and take to the road.

Tripp's been keeping the health of our stock up right along.

"I think I shall order a dozen more cases of goods, to keep the stock up," said Mr. Hemstetter, beaming through his spectacles.

In spite of Mr. Dround's threats, there was no evidence that he had disposed of his stock up to this time.

On the other hand, if the war stops the world must stock up again with tinned beef.

They said they would need a day to stock up the motorship for a long voyage, and get plenty of gasolene aboard.

He's made something, of course, and Porter would probably sell him stock up to a certain point.


Old English stocc "stump, post, stake, tree trunk, log," also "pillory" (usually plural, stocks), from Proto-Germanic *stukkaz "tree trunk" (cf. Old Norse stokkr "block of wood, trunk of a tree," Old Saxon, Old Frisian stok, Middle Dutch stoc "tree trunk, stump," Dutch stok "stick, cane," Old High German stoc "tree trunk, stick," German Stock "stick, cane;" also Dutch stuk, German Stück "piece"), from PIE *(s)teu- (see steep (adj.)).

Meaning "ancestry, family" (late 14c.) is a figurative use of the "tree trunk" sense (cf. family tree). This is also the root of the meaning "heavy part of a tool," and "part of a rifle held against the shoulder" (1540s). Stock, lock, and barrel "the whole of a thing" is recorded from 1817. Meaning "framework on which a boat was constructed" (early 15c.) led to figurative phrase on stocks "planned and commenced" (1660s). Stock-still (late 15c.) is literally "as still as a tree trunk."


Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.