Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.

EXAMPLES FROM THE WEB FOR DREAM

He went dazedly in to him,—and was awakened from the dream that he had been losing a fortune in his sleep.

For "each age is a dream that is dying, or one that is coming to birth."

She motioned to Dick to precede her, and he obeyed, like a man in a dream.

He had reached for his revolver at his side, in the dream, and had found nothing.

As for the traitors, let them beware, for my arm is longer than they dream.

And shall we think the boy found God not equal to his dream of him?

But the day grew old and passed, and the dream was not told.

I was thinking of my dream, and says I: 'Did she have her wings on?'

Sidney tried to answer, and failed—or that was the way the dream went.

He haunts me all day long, and all the night I dream of him!

WORD ORIGIN

mid-13c. in the sense "sequence of sensations passing through a sleeping person's mind" (also as a verb), probably related to Old Norse draumr, Danish drøm, Swedish dröm, Old Saxon drom "merriment, noise," Old Frisian dram "dream," Dutch droom, Old High German troum, German traum "dream," perhaps from West Germanic *draugmas "deception, illusion, phantasm" (cf. Old Saxon bidriogan, Old High German triogan, German trügen "to deceive, delude," Old Norse draugr "ghost, apparition"). Possible cognates outside Germanic are Sanskrit druh- "seek to harm, injure," Avestan druz- "lie, deceive."

But Old English dream meant only "joy, mirth, noisy merriment," also "music." And much study has failed to prove that Old English dream is the root of the modern word for "sleeping vision," despite being identical in spelling. Either the meaning of the word changed dramatically or "vision" was an unrecorded secondary Old English meaning of dream, or there are two separate words here. OED offers this theory: "It seems as if the presence of dream 'joy, mirth, music,' had caused dream 'dream' to be avoided, at least in literature, and swefn, lit. 'sleep,' to be substituted" ....

Words for "sleeping vision" in Old English were mæting and swefn. Old English swefn originally meant "sleep," as did a great many Indo-European "dream" nouns, e.g. Lithuanian sapnas, Old Church Slavonic sunu, and the Romanic words (French songe, Spanish sueño, Italian sogno all from Latin somnium (from PIE *swep-no-; cognate with Greek hypnos; see somnolence; Old English swefn is from the same root). Dream in the sense of "ideal or aspiration" is from 1931, from earlier sense of "something of dream-like beauty or charm" (1888).

MORE RELATED WORDS FOR DREAM

Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.