Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


The orders were, that all the boats should land at a big mole which runs out from the town.

There is the brook that runs out of the pond at the foot of the last hill.

The situation was a promontory, which runs out towards the north-west, in Lat.

Not much good,” he said, “if the water runs in as fast as it runs out.

Some easy catches were missed, and some “runs out” were only just avoided.

He then runs out and touches the first he can overtake, who returns to bounds with him.

Yet sure It has infected me; for I sweat too: It runs out at my knees.

Blessings on the man who runs out before us to remove some obstacle from the path!

Curse this blood, how fast it runs out when it is most necessary to keep it.

He snakes hands with Roberts and Campbell, and runs out, followed by his wife.


the modern verb is a merger of two related Old English words, in both of which the first letters sometimes switched places. The first is intransitive rinnan, irnan "to run, flow, run together" (past tense ran, past participle runnen), cognate with (cf. Middle Dutch runnen, Old Saxon, Old High German, Gothic rinnan, German rinnen "to flow, run").

The second is Old English transitive weak verb ærnan, earnan "ride, run to, reach, gain by running" (probably a metathesis of *rennan), from Proto-Germanic *rannjanan, causative of the root *ren- "to run." This is cognate with Old Saxon renian, Old High German rennen, German rennen, Gothic rannjan.

Both are from PIE *ri-ne-a-, nasalized form of root *reie- "to flow, run" (see Rhine).

Of streams, etc., from c.1200; of machinery, from 1560s. Meaning "be in charge of" is first attested 1861, originally American English. Meaning "seek office in an election" is from 1826, American English. Phrase run for it "take flight" is attested from 1640s. Many figurative uses are from horseracing or hunting (e.g. to run (something) into the ground, 1836, American English).

To run across "meet" is attested from 1855, American English. To run short "exhaust one's supply" is from 1752; to run out of in the same sense is from 1713. To run around with "consort with" is from 1887. Run away "flee in the face of danger" is from late 14c. To run late is from 1954.

Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.