Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


His long habit of thought concerning her enabled him to master this foolishness.

Exhausted in mind and body, she could not long endure this tide of recollection.

I need cheerfulness and rest for a long time after this day in town.

A life-time as long as that conferred upon the namesake of Tithonus.

They gently raised him, bolstered him with pillows, and told him he had long been ill.

There was a long, airy gallery, in which he was allowed to take exercise any hour of the day.

Where is he, I wonder, and how long have I got to wait for him?

The track was plain enough, and there were hamlets at long intervals.

This one, at the rate I have observed, will not last so long.

He will not so long correspond with an environment even so unexacting as this.


"that extends considerably from end to end," Old English lang "long," from Proto-Germanic *langgaz (cf. Old Frisian and Old Saxon lang, Old High German and German lang, Old Norse langr, Middle Dutch lanc, Dutch lang, Gothic laggs "long").

The Germanic words are perhaps from PIE *dlonghos- (cf. Latin longus, Old Persian darga-, Persian dirang, Sanskrit dirghah, Greek dolikhos "long," Greek endelekhes "perpetual," Latin indulgere "to indulge"), from root *del- "long."

The adverb is from Old English lange, longe, from the adjective. No longer "not as formerly" is from c.1300; to be not long for this world "soon to die" is from 1714.

The word illustrates the Old English tendency for short "a" to become short "o" before -n- (also retained in bond/band and West Midlands dialectal lond from land and hond from hand).

Long vowels (c.1000) originally were pronounced for an extended time. Sporting long ball is from 1744, originally in cricket. Long jump as a sporting event is attested from 1864. A ship's long-boat so called from 1510s. Long knives, name Native Americans gave to white settlers (originally in Virginia/Kentucky) is from 1774. Long in the tooth (1841 of persons) is from horses showing age by recession of gums. Long time no see, imitative of American Indian speech, is first recorded 1900. To be long on something, "have a lot" of it, is from 1900, American English slang.


Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.