Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.

EXAMPLES FROM THE WEB FOR HANDICAP

And the pinto, for all his courage, could not meet that handicap and beat it.

His imperial intelligence, however, was too heavy a handicap.

Even Tillie's chicken and waffles failed against this handicap.

Lucretia's defeat in the Handicap had increased his despondency.

I'll give you a brush, if you do, and a handicap into the bargain.

I hadn't gone to the academy, but this was no handicap to my finding the letter.

The Handicap is going to be the big betting race of the meeting.

I want to know what the old man thinks of his chances in the Handicap.

The Handicap was emphatically the "big betting race" of the season.

I tried to foller, but my rheumatiz was too big a handicap; all I could do was yell.

WORD ORIGIN

1650s, from hand in cap, a game whereby two bettors would engage a neutral umpire to determine the odds in an unequal contest. The bettors would put their hands holding forfeit money into a hat or cap. The umpire would announce the odds and the bettors would withdraw their hands -- hands full meaning that they accepted the odds and the bet was on, hands empty meaning they did not accept the bet and were willing to forfeit the money. If one forfeited, then the money went to the other. If both agreed either on forfeiting or going ahead with the wager, then the umpire kept the money as payment. The custom, though not the name, is attested from 14c. ("Piers Plowman").

Reference to horse racing is 1754 (Handy-Cap Match), where the umpire decrees the superior horse should carry extra weight as a "handicap;" this led to sense of "encumbrance, disability" first recorded 1890. The main modern sense, "disability," is the last to develop, early 20c.

MORE RELATED WORDS FOR HANDICAP

Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.