Antonyms for civil

MOST RELEVANT
Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.

EXAMPLES FROM THE WEB FOR CIVIL

Yet he is not possessed of the civil rights which citizenship should carry with it.

In the following century came the three sieges of the Civil War.

“I can walk,” he said, with a little friendly laugh to the civil driver.

It might be thought that I would have a right to civil answers here.

In 1875 he was created an honorary member of the Institution of Civil Engineers.

When a man makes a fair offer, it's no more 'n civil to close with it.

If it is the crown of sex to be desired, here you have it, under seal of the civil bond.

Let him remember that he is also a man; and let his manner be manly as well as civil.

But I wouldn't value all one pin's pint, if it was kind and civil she was to me.

You're as blind as most folks were five years before the Civil War.

WORD ORIGIN

late 14c., "relating to civil law or life; pertaining to the internal affairs of a state," from Old French civil "civil, relating to civil law" (13c.) and directly from Latin civilis "relating to a citizen, relating to public life, befitting a citizen," hence by extension "popular, affable, courteous;" alternative adjectival derivation of civis "townsman" (see city).

The sense of "polite" was in classical Latin, from the courteous manners of citizens, as opposed to those of soldiers. But English did not pick up this nuance of the word until late 16c. "Courteous is thus more commonly said of superiors, civil of inferiors, since it implies or suggests the possibility of incivility or rudeness" [OED]. Civil case (as opposed to criminal) is recorded from 1610s. Civil liberty is by 1640s. Civil service is from 1772, originally in reference to the East India Company.

MORE RELATED WORDS FOR CIVIL

Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.