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sham

See definition of sham on Dictionary.com
  • adj.artificial, counterfeit
  • nounhoax, trick
  • verbtrick; pull a hoax

synonyms for sham

  • bogus
  • fictitious
  • fraudulent
  • phony
  • adulterated
  • affected
  • assumed
  • ersatz
  • fake
  • feigned
  • forged
  • lying
  • make believe
  • misleading
  • mock
  • pretended
  • pseudo
  • simulated
  • substitute
  • synthetic
  • false
  • so-called
  • spurious
  • untrue

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

What is another word for sham?

The word sham commonly refers to something that’s not what it claims to be—some kind of fraud or fake. This sense of the word can even refer to a person, as in He’s a total fake, a sham—you should see what he’s really like. 

Sham is often used even more specifically to refer to something that’s considered a scam, con, or hoax, as in This whole thing is a sham—they’re just trying to get your money. 

Sometimes, sham refers to a situation that’s considered illegitimate for some reason, as in The trial was a sham—there wasn’t even a jury. Synonyms for this sense are farce and mockery.

Sham can also be used as an adjective for any of these senses, as in sham trial (an illegitimate one), sham marriage (one in which the couple aren’t in a real relationship), or sham version (a fake or knockoff version).

How do you use sham in a sentence?

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antonyms for sham

MOST RELEVANT
  • authentic
  • genuine
  • real
  • honest
  • natural
  • true
  • truthful
  • tell the truth
Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.

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How to use sham in a sentence

When they injected the molecule into the stomachs of normal mice, the rodents were able to remember the location of a platform in an underwater maze and find it three times faster than mice that had received sham injections.
THE MIRACLE MOLECULE THAT COULD TREAT BRAIN INJURIES AND BOOST YOUR FADING MEMORYADAM PIOREAUGUST 25, 2021MIT TECHNOLOGY REVIEW
Yet it has repeatedly refused to seriously challenge the administration of President Vladimir Putin and has effectively served to legitimize the Kremlin’s sham democracy.
WHO ARE YOU CALLING A COMMUNIST?CHARU KASTURIAUGUST 24, 2021OZY
From that second on, I realized it was all a sham, that he was actually shy, funny, sentimental, a joy to be with.
JANE BIRKIN IS BACK WITH A NEW ALBUM, BUT HER PRESENCE IS EVERLASTINGJEFF WEISSMARCH 19, 2021WASHINGTON POST
Artiles allegedly instructed the sham candidate, who did not live in the Miami-area district, to use the address of a property in Palmetto Bay that Alex Rodriguez still owned, but no longer resided at, according to the affidavit.
EX-FLORIDA STATE SENATOR PAID BOGUS CANDIDATE TO ‘SIPHON VOTES,’ POLICE SAY, IN RACE GOP NARROWLY WONKATIE SHEPHERDMARCH 19, 2021WASHINGTON POST
The EPA has turned the entire process into “a sham,” said Lianne Sheppard, a professor of biostatistics and environmental health at the University of Washington.
THE EPA REFUSES TO REDUCE POLLUTANTS LINKED TO CORONAVIRUS DEATHSBY LISA SONG AND LYLLA YOUNESOCTOBER 21, 2020PROPUBLICA
Horn, who called the election a “sham,” won – guess it wasn’t a sham after all – and began his extraordinary political career.
POLITICS REPORT: THE ELECTION AFTER THE ELECTION IS UNDERWAYANDREW KEATTS AND SCOTT LEWISOCTOBER 10, 2020VOICE OF SAN DIEGO
In order to conceal the sham payments, Bannon even created 1099 tax forms to pay Kolfage’s wife for “media work,” as well as to document unspecified payments for “social media.”
5 CRAZY DETAILS FROM THE CASE AGAINST STEVE BANNON—INCLUDING ‘A BOAT NAMED WARFIGHTER’JEFFAUGUST 20, 2020FORTUNE
That non-profit, as well as other shell entities, made sham payments to the defendants.
5 CRAZY DETAILS FROM THE CASE AGAINST STEVE BANNON—INCLUDING ‘A BOAT NAMED WARFIGHTER’JEFFAUGUST 20, 2020FORTUNE
Part of that idea was sham bric-à-brac, the rest was carte blanche to Messrs. Spick and Span.
THE PIT TOWN CORONET, VOLUME I (OF 3)CHARLES JAMES WILLS
The camping-out at Streetly Wood has annually recurred since that date; the first sham fight took place June 20, 1877.
SHOWELL'S DICTIONARY OF BIRMINGHAMTHOMAS T. HARMAN AND WALTER SHOWELL
SYNONYM OF THE DAY
OCTOBER 26, 1985
Choose the synonym for future
capacitor

WORDS RELATED TO SHAM

  • affectation
  • attitude
  • bit
  • chaser
  • dissimilation
  • fake
  • false front
  • feigning
  • front
  • performance
  • phony
  • pose
  • posture
  • pretense
  • put on
  • sham
  • show
  • shuck and jive
  • simulation
  • soft soap
  • stall
  • stance
  • stunt
  • sweet-talk
Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.