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opposites of metonymy

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Metonymy is the substitution of the name of one thing for that of another to which the former bears a known and close relation.
ENGLISH: COMPOSITION AND LITERATUREW. F. (WILLIAM FRANKLIN) WEBSTER
Metonymy calls one thing by the name of another which is closely related to the first.
ENGLISH: COMPOSITION AND LITERATUREW. F. (WILLIAM FRANKLIN) WEBSTER
In both cases the term so approximates to the meaning of Earth, doubtless by metonymy, as to be indistinguishable from it.
Metonymy consists in naming an object by one of its attributes or accompaniments.
The general effect of metonymy is to bring before the mind a definite image, and thus to impart a graphic quality to the style.
Synecdoche is a species of metonymy, and has the same effect of giving vividness.
Monk, not Cromwell, is the military dictator that Milton has in view in the metonymy Sulla.
Here the word tongue is put for speech, the instrument for the thing effected, and this metonymy is joined with a metaphor.
The synecdoche, in which a part is put for the whole, as the sword for war, is in its nature essentially a metonymy.
Whether it be synecdoche, metaphor, or metonymy, there is still a figure.

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Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.

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