Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


And where once burned the eye of the Cosmos will be naught but a hideous emptiness.

It is the skeleton, the structure of life, love, the cosmos.

For a list of historic "dark days," see Humboldt, Cosmos, 1-120.

It was a ghostly reddish thing which filled half the cosmos.

The cosmos is about the smallest hole that a man can hide his head in.

God is a part of the cosmos, and yet he is distinct from it and from us, or we could not worship him.

The modeling room has remained in charge of Mr. Cosmos Mindeleff.

The moon is the center of our terrestrial individuality in the cosmos.

And which still seems to me the real truth, the clue to the cosmos.

And as living individuals we are the one, pure clue to our own cosmos.


c.1200 (but not popular until 1848, as a translation of Humboldt's Kosmos), from Latinized form of Greek kosmos "order, good order, orderly arrangement," a word with several main senses rooted in those notions: The verb kosmein meant generally "to dispose, prepare," but especially "to order and arrange (troops for battle), to set (an army) in array;" also "to establish (a government or regime);" "to deck, adorn, equip, dress" (especially of women). Thus kosmos had an important secondary sense of "ornaments of a woman's dress, decoration" (cf. kosmokomes "dressing the hair") as well as "the universe, the world."

Pythagoras is said to have been the first to apply this word to "the universe," perhaps originally meaning "the starry firmament," but later it was extended to the whole physical world, including the earth. For specific reference to "the world of people," the classical phrase was he oikoumene (ge) "the inhabited (earth)." Septuagint uses both kosmos and oikoumene. Kosmos also was used in Christian religious writing with a sense of "worldly life, this world (as opposed to the afterlife)," but the more frequent word for this was aion, literally "lifetime, age."



nounall living things
Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.