Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


She is going to send you some panforte and a box of sugared fruits at Christmas.

If you penetrate the warm, sugared, outer crust, you find ice within.

"I am weary of requests that are but sugared commands," he said thickly.

A sugared cate, and a glass of hypocras jelly, or a slice of capon?

Deeds like those were of more significance than sugared words.

The top proved to contain cold coffee all sugared and creamed.

Have ready a quart of ripe berries washed, crushed and sugared.

But sugared compliments and furniture-buying cannot go on for ever.

She understood that sugared letter which had summoned her from Antium!

There were candied eryngo-root, candied lemon-peel, and sugared coriander-seeds.


late 13c., sugre, from Old French sucre "sugar" (12c.), from Medieval Latin succarum, from Arabic sukkar, from Persian shakar, from Sanskrit sharkara "ground or candied sugar," originally "grit, gravel" (cognate with Greek kroke "pebble"). The Arabic word also was borrowed in Italian (zucchero), Spanish (azucar), and German (Old High German zucura, German Zucker), and its forms are represented in most European languages (cf. Serb. cukar, Polish cukier, Russian sakhar).

Its Old World home was India (Alexander the Great's companions marveled at the "honey without bees") and it remained exotic in Europe until the Arabs began to cultivate it in Sicily and Spain; not until after the Crusades did it begin to rival honey as the West's sweetener. The Spaniards in the West Indies began raising sugar cane in 1506; first grown in Cuba 1523; first cultivated in Brazil 1532. The -g- in the English form cannot be accounted for. The pronunciation shift from s- to sh- is probably from the initial long vowel sound syu- (as in sure). Slang "euphemistic substitute for an imprecation" [OED] is attested from 1891. As a term of endearment, first recorded 1930. Sugar maple is from 1753. Sugar loaf was originally a moulded conical mass of refined sugar (early 15c.); they're now obsolete, but sense extended 17c. to hills, hats, etc. of that shape.


Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.