Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.

EXAMPLES FROM THE WEB FOR SUGAR

She did not seem frightened, and ate readily the damper and sugar given her.

The quantity of sugar produced was small compared to that produced on other estates.

Pour this into the liquid and add the sugar and the juice of the lemon.

Make 1/2 cupful of the sugar and the 1/2 cupful of water into caramel.

Add the sugar to the water and cook until the sugar is dissolved.

These are made of egg white and sugar and baked in the oven.

The food value it does have is carbohydrate in the form of sugar.

Mash or chop the berries, as preferred, and add the sugar to them.

As soon as the skins of the berries have cracked, add the sugar.

Heat the vinegar, and to it add the salt, sugar, and spices.

WORD ORIGIN

late 13c., sugre, from Old French sucre "sugar" (12c.), from Medieval Latin succarum, from Arabic sukkar, from Persian shakar, from Sanskrit sharkara "ground or candied sugar," originally "grit, gravel" (cognate with Greek kroke "pebble"). The Arabic word also was borrowed in Italian (zucchero), Spanish (azucar), and German (Old High German zucura, German Zucker), and its forms are represented in most European languages (cf. Serb. cukar, Polish cukier, Russian sakhar).

Its Old World home was India (Alexander the Great's companions marveled at the "honey without bees") and it remained exotic in Europe until the Arabs began to cultivate it in Sicily and Spain; not until after the Crusades did it begin to rival honey as the West's sweetener. The Spaniards in the West Indies began raising sugar cane in 1506; first grown in Cuba 1523; first cultivated in Brazil 1532. The -g- in the English form cannot be accounted for. The pronunciation shift from s- to sh- is probably from the initial long vowel sound syu- (as in sure). Slang "euphemistic substitute for an imprecation" [OED] is attested from 1891. As a term of endearment, first recorded 1930. Sugar maple is from 1753. Sugar loaf was originally a moulded conical mass of refined sugar (early 15c.); they're now obsolete, but sense extended 17c. to hills, hats, etc. of that shape.

MORE RELATED WORDS FOR SUGAR

Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.