Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


There could not be a giving up—and there must not be failure.

It is not a question of His giving, but of my capacity to take.

If God were to do like her, how many would be giving honour to his Son?

"Get in then," said his father roughly, giving him a push with his foot.

You're giving me a terrible responsibility, Tillie, if you're asking my advice.

There is no gradation in his giving, and none in his fall; no artistic crescendo.

She considered, giving him, after her kindly way, the benefit of the doubt.

Hotspur interrupts her by calling the servant and giving him orders.

Wilson was giving a few last instructions as to the boy's care.

If she still desired his friendship, there was no disloyalty to Sidney in giving it.


Old English giefan (W. Saxon) "to give, bestow; allot, grant; commit, devote, entrust," class V strong verb (past tense geaf, past participle giefen), from Proto-Germanic *gebanan (cf. Old Frisian jeva, Middle Dutch gheven, Dutch geven, Old High German geban, German geben, Gothic giban), from PIE *ghabh- "to take, hold, have, give" (see habit). It became yiven in Middle English, but changed to guttural "g" by influence of Old Norse gefa "to give," Old Danish givæ. Meaning "to yield to pressure" is from 1570s.

Give in "yield" is from 1610s; give out is mid-14c., "publish, announce;" meaning "run out, break down" is from 1520s. Give up "surrender" is mid-12c. To give (someone) a cold seems to reflect the old belief that one could be cured of disease by deliberately infecting others. What gives? "what is happening?" is attested from 1940. Give-and-take (n.) is originally from horse racing (1769) and refers to races in which bigger horses were given more weight to carry, lighter ones less. General sense attested by 1778.


Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.