What Is An Adjective? Definition And Examples

What does an adjective do? Adjectives describe or modify nouns and pronouns by providing specific details about their kind, color, quality or quantity. They generally answer questions like what kind, how many, whose, and which one? You can help readers imagine situations, characters and settings by using adjectives to provide information about what is seen, tasted, felt, and heard.

Adjectives can be placed either before or after the nouns they modify. For example, you may say either “The hungry baby wants his bottle” or “The baby is hungry, and wants his bottle.” Both examples illustrate correct use of the adjective hungry.

Adjectives of Quality

Adjectives of quality are also called descriptive adjectives because they give information about color, age, size, origin, shape, value, or material. They can also describe emotions. In William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, for example, Romeo uses the adjectives fair and envious to modify the nouns sun and moon, respectively: “Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon….”

Adjectives of Quantity

Adjectives of quantity include numbers (which provide exact amounts) and indefinite adjectives (which describe non-specific quantities). All, any, each, every, few, many, and some are examples of indefinite adjectives. As an example, in the phrase “a few minutes later,” the indefinite adjective few refers to an unspecified quantity of minutes

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Possessive Adjectives

Possessive Adjectives indicate who owns something. Words such as my, your, his, her, its, our, and their are possessive adjectives.

Demonstrative Adjectives

Demonstrative Adjectives are used in place of articles (the or a). This, that, these, and those are demonstrative adjectives. In this sentence, for example, those indicates which books we’re talking about: “Please bring those books back to the library.”

Forms of Adjectives

Adjectives also come in three forms: positive, comparative, and superlative. When an adjective relates to a single noun, it is a positive adjective. For example, in the sentence “Betty is a smart student,” smart is a positive adjective because it describes the noun Betty.

Comparative and superlative adjectives explain the relationship between multiple people, places, or things. Comparative adjectives are used to compare two items or people with each other. Sentences containing comparative adjectives usually require the addition of the conjunction than after the adjective, as in “Betty is smarter than John.” Single-syllable adjectives are usually made comparative by adding the suffix -er. Most comparative adjectives that are two or more syllables are formed by using more before the adjective, as in more beautiful.Superlative adjectives compare three or more objects, places, or people, as in this example: “Betty is the smartest student in the class.” Superlative adjectives are preceded by the definite article the. Single-syllable superlative adjectives typically end in -est. For adjectives that are two or more syllables, the superlative form is created by adding most before the adjective, as in the most handsome.

Now that you know so much about adjectives, can you provide a good one for the following sentence?A world without adjectives would be _____.