Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


King Henry often looked in on these matches, and did honour to the winners.

The King of course could not allow one of his subjects to outdo him in such a matter.

It does not matter whether we recognize a king or an emperor or a president as our ruler.

They called him a King or a prince and obeyed his orders for their own common benefit.

The greater part of these taxes, however, do not belong to the King personally.

They served the King faithfully as officers in his army and as collectors of his taxes.

They formed the name of Darheush the King, whom we call Darius.

On the 5th of February the king attended and delivered the speech from the throne in person.

The prince and princess are hailed and received at the castle as king and queen.

To all who hated Church and King, and planned their overthrow.


Old English cyning "king, ruler," from Proto-Germanic *kuninggaz (cf. Dutch koning, Old Norse konungr, Danish konge, Old Saxon and Old High German kuning, Middle High German künic, German König). Possibly related to Old English cynn "family, race" (see kin), making a king originally a "leader of the people;" or from a related root suggesting "noble birth," making a king originally "one who descended from noble birth." The sociological and ideological implications render this a topic of much debate.

Finnish kuningas "king," Old Church Slavonic kunegu "prince" (Russian knyaz, Bohemian knez), Lithuanian kunigas "clergyman" are loans from Germanic.

In Old English, used for names of chiefs of Anglian and Saxon tribes or clans, then of the states they founded. Also extended to British and Danish chiefs they fought. The chess piece so called from early 15c.; the playing card from 1560s; use in checkers/draughts first recorded 1820. Applied in nature to species deemed remarkably big or dominant (e.g. king crab, 1690s). In marketing, king-size is from 1939, originally of cigarettes.


Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.