Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


He looked back sixty years, and said it was time to give up.

But give up an inclination, and there is some merit in that.

Why could he not go back, face them, give up his gun, wait for the law to speak?

Have I not conjured you, as you value my peace—What is it that I do not give up?

You have sometimes seemed to pity me, that I am obliged to give up every point.

To let yourself be killed when you ought not is to give up fighting.

Then you mean to give up society for the sake of nursing the poor?

Only a week—and love was one of the things she had had to give up, with others.

It had taken courage, God knew, to give up everything and come away.

Dr. Ed says Max wants you to give up your training and marry him now.


Old English giefan (W. Saxon) "to give, bestow; allot, grant; commit, devote, entrust," class V strong verb (past tense geaf, past participle giefen), from Proto-Germanic *gebanan (cf. Old Frisian jeva, Middle Dutch gheven, Dutch geven, Old High German geban, German geben, Gothic giban), from PIE *ghabh- "to take, hold, have, give" (see habit). It became yiven in Middle English, but changed to guttural "g" by influence of Old Norse gefa "to give," Old Danish givæ. Meaning "to yield to pressure" is from 1570s.

Give in "yield" is from 1610s; give out is mid-14c., "publish, announce;" meaning "run out, break down" is from 1520s. Give up "surrender" is mid-12c. To give (someone) a cold seems to reflect the old belief that one could be cured of disease by deliberately infecting others. What gives? "what is happening?" is attested from 1940. Give-and-take (n.) is originally from horse racing (1769) and refers to races in which bigger horses were given more weight to carry, lighter ones less. General sense attested by 1778.


Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.