closed down

[ verb klohz; adjective, adverb klohs or for 51, klohz; noun klohz for 59, 60, 63–65, 67, 68, klohs for 61, 62, 66 ]SEE DEFINITION OF closed down
Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.

EXAMPLES FROM THE WEB FOR CLOSED DOWN

Darkness had closed down on them, but the beat of the paddles drove him forward.

All of the saw mills, the chief industry of the town, were closed down.

Then, exhausted by the conflict, he stumbled and fell, while they closed down on him.

How long do you expect to be closed down here, Mr. Underwood?

If it hadn't been for you, his shops would have been closed down last winter.

Dusk had closed down on them, and it had grown perceptibly colder.

And I said to myself, "The 'no's' have it," and closed down the window again.

It was our misfortune that the aerodrome had been closed down in the meantime.

Then, chilled by the night air, he closed down the window and turned in.

The typewriter was then closed down, tied with string and heavily sealed.

WORD ORIGIN

c.1200, "to shut, cover in," from Old French clos- (past participle stem of clore "to shut, to cut off from"), 12c., from Latin clausus, past participle of claudere "to shut, close; to block up, make inaccessible; put an end to; shut in, enclose, confine" (always -clusus, -cludere in compounds).

The Latin word might be from the possible PIE root *klau- "hook, peg, crooked or forked branch" (used as a bar or bolt in primitive structures); cf. Latin clavis "key," clavus "nail," claustrum "bar, bolt, barrier," claustra "dam, wall, barricade, stronghold;" Greek kleidos (genitive) "bar, bolt, key," klobos "cage;" Old Irish clo "nail," Middle Irish clithar "hedge, fence;" Old Church Slavonic ključi "hook, key," ključiti "shut;" Lithuanian kliuti "to catch, be caught on," kliaudziu "check, hinder," kliuvu "clasp, hang;" Old High German sliozan "shut," German schließen "to shut," Schlüssel "key."

Also partly from Old English beclysan "close in, shut up." Intransitive sense "become shut" is from late 14c. Meaning "draw near to" is from 1520s. Intransitive meaning "draw together, come together" is from 1550s, hence the idea in military verbal phrase close ranks (mid-17c.), later with figurative extensions. Meaning "bring to an end, finish" is from c.1400; intransitive sense "come to an end" is from 1826. Of stock prices, from 1860. Meaning "bring together the parts of" (a book, etc.) is from 1560s. Related: Closed; closing.

MORE RELATED WORDS FOR CLOSED DOWN

Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.