Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.

EXAMPLES FROM THE WEB FOR SUM UP

In fact, to sum up the whole matter, we have no common sympathies.

All the women, to sum up, agreed that she was a perfect marvel.

But I may sum up all that I have to say in a word, and pass on.

Then may we not sum up the argument in a word and say truly: If one is not, then nothing is?

To sum up, I recognise that I have a serious physical defect.

I've got a hundred messages which you can sum up in 'love from all.'

To sum up: If you will conform to the conditions I have mentioned, I will sign the agreement.

To sum up on the origin of our domestic races of animals and plants.

Let us sum up how the various resources may be used to conserve one another.

When retired to his own apartment, Edward endeavoured to sum up the business of the day.

WORD ORIGIN

late 13c., "quantity or amount of money," from Anglo-French and Old French summe (13c.), from Latin summa "total number, whole, essence, gist," noun use of fem. of summus "highest," from PIE *sup-mos-, from root *uper "over" (see super-).

The sense development from "highest" to "total number" is probably via the Roman custom of adding up a stack of figures from the bottom and writing the sum at the top, rather than at the bottom as we do now (cf. the bottom line). Meaning "total number of anything" is recorded from late 14c. Meaning "essence of a writing or speech" also is attested from late 14c. The verb is attested from c.1300; meaning "briefly state the substance of" (now usually with up) is first recorded 1620s. Sum-total is attested from late 14c., from Medieval Latin summa totalis.

MORE RELATED WORDS FOR SUM UP

Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.