Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


She rocked back and forth in her chair, and moaned a little to herself.

Evadna rocked a moment longer, making him wait for her reply.

She held him closer round the neck, and rocked him on her breast like a child.

A minute there was silence, except for the soft creak of Her dress as She rocked him.

The thunderclap which seemed to come simultaneously, rocked the plane like a feather.

He sat in his wicker chair before the fire and rocked himself and moaned.

He clasped his knee with his hands and rocked back and forth in his chair.

The pipe wheezed and gurgled, and the Mary Ellen rocked and rolled.

Mrs. Garth returned to her stool, and rocked herself and moaned.

"Ey, ey," sobbed the broken woman, who rocked herself before the fire.


"stone, mass of mineral matter," c.1300, from Old English rocc (e.g. stanrocc "stone rock or obelisk") and directly from Old North French roque, which is cognate with Medieval Latin rocca (8c.), from Vulgar Latin *rocca, of uncertain origin, according to Klein sometimes said to be from Celtic (cf. Breton roch).

In Middle English it seems to have been used principally for rock formations as opposed to individual stones. Meaning "precious stone, especially a diamond," is 1908, U.S. slang. Meaning "crystallized cocaine" is attested from 1973, in West Coast U.S. slang. Figurative use for "sure foundation" (especially with reference to Christ) is from 1520s; but also from 1520s as "source of danger or destruction," in reference to shipwrecks (e.g. on the rocks). Also used attributively in names of animals that frequent rocky habitats, e.g. rock lobster (1843). Between a rock and a hard place first attested 1921:

Rock-ribbed is from 1776, originally of land; figurative sense of "resolute" first recorded 1887. Rock-happy (1945) was U.S. Pacific Theater armed forces slang for "mentally unhinged after too much time on one island." The rock-scissors-paper game is attested by that name from 1976; from 1968 as paper-stone-scissors. A 1967 source says it is based on Japanese Jan Ken Pon (or Janken for short), which is said to mean the same thing more or less.

Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.