Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


They are probably the richest and most comfortable population of Europe at this hour.

Battle Abbey was one of the greatest and richest foundations.

"Sure there was," answered Katy instantly in her richest, mellowest brogue.

"Certainly; to you as much as to the richest among us," said d'Hebonville.

There I will treat you with the nicest apples and the richest cream.

The hangings were of crimson velvet, and the canopy of the richest purple.

If you thirst, we will cheerfully offer you the capacious goblet and the richest wines.

The household to which Vasili Andreevich had come was one of the richest in the village.

There was no mistaking it—the veil was of the richest Mechlin lace.

Under the Moors this region was the richest and most civilised in Europe.


Old English rice "strong, powerful; great, mighty; of high rank," in later Old English "wealthy," from Proto-Germanic *rikijaz (cf. Old Norse rikr, Swedish rik, Danish rig, Old Frisian rike "wealthy, mighty," Dutch rijk, Old High German rihhi "ruler, powerful, rich," German reich "rich," Gothic reiks "ruler, powerful, rich"), borrowed from a Celtic source akin to Gaulish *rix, Old Irish ri (genitive rig) "king," from PIE root *reg- "move in a straight line," hence, "direct, rule" (see rex).

The form of the word was influenced in Middle English by Old French riche "wealthy, magnificent, sumptuous," which is, with Spanish rico, Italian ricco, from Frankish *riki "powerful," or some other cognate Germanic source.

Old English also had a noun, rice "rule, reign, power, might; authority; empire." The evolution of the word reflects a connection between wealth and power in the ancient world. Of food and colors, from early 14c.; of sounds, from 1590s. Sense of "entertaining, amusing" is recorded from 1760. The noun meaning "the wealthy" was in Old English.

Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.