A further religious position to be noticed here is that of Dualism.
In the transition from dualism to monism Malebranche served as a mediator.
This dualism shows itself in nature as well as in the spiritual world.
We need only pause to note Chesterton personifies this dualism.
That is the dualism which dogs humanity in the mass no less than in the individual.
Though no longer quite the Cartesian dualism, this is still a dualism.
The dualism is not primarily as to the stuff of the world, but as to causal laws.
In other words, monism is as unsatisfactory to reason as dualism.
On this head there need be no quarrel between it and dualism.
Dualism is a creed which all superficial appearances attest.