Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


Dora confuses the housekeeping; but we are not angry with Dora because she confuses the housekeeping.

We are angry with the housekeeping because it confuses Dora.

There is no necessity for this rule; it only confuses the pupil.

The pain-giving voice covers him as a garment and confuses him.

If I have got you mixed up, I beg pardon: you have changed positions so, it confuses me.

It is the disunion and doubt that so confuses him and drives him wild.

And every mile we make them follow us weakens them, separates them, confuses them.

The rule for selecting a method is, use the one which confuses you least.

I shall think over it; for all this, I confess, confuses my head somewhat.

He confuses Quiteva, the country, and the king, the Quiteva.


1550s, in literal sense "mix or mingle things so as to render the elements indistinguishable;" attested from mid-18c. in active, figurative sense of "discomfit in mind or feeling;" not in general use until 19c., taking over senses formerly belonging to confound, dumbfound, flabbergast etc. The past participle confused (q.v.) is attested much earlier (serving as an alternative past tense to confound), and the verb here might be a back-formation from it. Related: Confusing.