Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


But at length they began to give over, from mere incapacity to hold any more.

One or the other must give over, and that one was White Fang.

I begged him to give over his pursuit, and not to speak to her again.

Do you think he's going to give over this country to a papist?

It would be hard, nay, impossible, to give over that solace.

He did not give over his concern for Mars Plaisir because he was glad of his absence.

You'll give over your horse to Chilina, who'll go off and warn the signorina.

And this reminds me that I must give over writing to you, and fall to my article.

Master Fenton, talk not to me; my mind is heavy: I will give over all.

A year passed, and we were compelled at last to give over the search.


Old English giefan (W. Saxon) "to give, bestow; allot, grant; commit, devote, entrust," class V strong verb (past tense geaf, past participle giefen), from Proto-Germanic *gebanan (cf. Old Frisian jeva, Middle Dutch gheven, Dutch geven, Old High German geban, German geben, Gothic giban), from PIE *ghabh- "to take, hold, have, give" (see habit). It became yiven in Middle English, but changed to guttural "g" by influence of Old Norse gefa "to give," Old Danish givæ. Meaning "to yield to pressure" is from 1570s.

Give in "yield" is from 1610s; give out is mid-14c., "publish, announce;" meaning "run out, break down" is from 1520s. Give up "surrender" is mid-12c. To give (someone) a cold seems to reflect the old belief that one could be cured of disease by deliberately infecting others. What gives? "what is happening?" is attested from 1940. Give-and-take (n.) is originally from horse racing (1769) and refers to races in which bigger horses were given more weight to carry, lighter ones less. General sense attested by 1778.


Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.