Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


Joseph gave up his endeavors, and returned to Corsica to help his mother.

When a little strengthened, I made my way home, but gave up at the door.

He rummaged through his writing-desk in vain, and then gave up the search.

I gave up my room there yesterday, for reasons I'll tell you.

So the Argives gave up the attempt, and there stand the walls yet.

But he gave up this plan at once when he discovered what my requirements were.

But only on condition that I gave up the 'insane' idea of remaining here.

She discouraged his advances, however, and he gave up his situation.

At length she gave up the attempt, and turned around to look after the boys.

Then Pascal, filled with an overwhelming sadness, gave up the contest.


Old English giefan (W. Saxon) "to give, bestow; allot, grant; commit, devote, entrust," class V strong verb (past tense geaf, past participle giefen), from Proto-Germanic *gebanan (cf. Old Frisian jeva, Middle Dutch gheven, Dutch geven, Old High German geban, German geben, Gothic giban), from PIE *ghabh- "to take, hold, have, give" (see habit). It became yiven in Middle English, but changed to guttural "g" by influence of Old Norse gefa "to give," Old Danish givæ. Meaning "to yield to pressure" is from 1570s.

Give in "yield" is from 1610s; give out is mid-14c., "publish, announce;" meaning "run out, break down" is from 1520s. Give up "surrender" is mid-12c. To give (someone) a cold seems to reflect the old belief that one could be cured of disease by deliberately infecting others. What gives? "what is happening?" is attested from 1940. Give-and-take (n.) is originally from horse racing (1769) and refers to races in which bigger horses were given more weight to carry, lighter ones less. General sense attested by 1778.

Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.