Synonyms for backed up

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Antonyms for backed up

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Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.

EXAMPLES FROM THE WEB FOR BACKED UP

She was backed up into a corner and he was making noises at her.

Bodies tumbled in front of Fannia, almost tripping him as he backed up.

Biggs returned the fire and backed up the steps to tell the rest.

The others would turn on him like mad coyotes if he backed up.

Dolly said he was "quite wight," and backed up Raikes in every way.

The Wabbly had gone from end to end, backed up, and gone over the rest of it again.

In this instance a dray was backed up to the curbstone, with paper.

It will certainly be desirable that I should be backed up by your presence.

He backed up to the wall, pushed the door open and looked inside.

This suggestion was backed up by several others—ladies and gentlemen.

WORD ORIGIN

Old English bæc "back," from Proto-Germanic *bakam (cf. Old Saxon and Middle Dutch bak, Old Frisian bek), with no known connections outside Germanic.

The cognates mostly have been ousted in this sense in other modern Germanic languages by words akin to Modern English ridge (cf. Danish ryg, German Rücken). Many Indo-European languages show signs of once having distinguished the horizontal back of an animal (or a mountain range) from the upright back of a human. In other cases, a modern word for "back" may come from a word related to "spine" (Italian schiena, Russian spina) or "shoulder, shoulder blade" (Spanish espalda, Polish plecy).

To turn (one's) back on (someone or something) "ignore" is from early 14c. Behind (someone's) back "clandestinely" is from late 14c.

To know (something) like the back of one's hand, implying familiarity, is first attested 1893. The first attested use of the phrase is from a dismissive speech made to a character in Robert Louis Stevenson's "Catriona":

The story, a sequel to "Kidnapped," has a Scottish setting and context, and the back of my hand to you was noted in the late 19th century as a Scottish expression meaning "I will have nothing to do with you" [e.g. "Jamieson's Dictionary of the Scottish Language"]. In English generally, the back of (one's) hand has been used to imply contempt and rejection since at least 1300. Perhaps the connection of a menacing dismissal is what made Stevenson choose that particular anatomical reference.

Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.