Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


Our country abounds in the necessaries, the arts, and the comforts of life.

I have no subterfuges, no arts, no intentions, but to keep to the letter of them.

Fortunately, there are arts that cannot be cut off from the people by bad performances.

Shakespeare is perfectly willing to depict Hotspur as scorning the arts.

How much better do the English understand the arts of vengeance!

Have they undergone a similar change, through the arts of this wicked Circe?

The arts, as well as the arms of the enemy, were gaining the ascendancy there.

You ask what England has gained by her progress in the arts?

For with the aid of fire all things are possible, all arts are perfected.

He was a master of two arts, and to these he had devoted himself wholly.


early 13c., "skill as a result of learning or practice," from Old French art (10c.), from Latin artem (nominative ars) "work of art; practical skill; a business, craft," from PIE *ar-ti- (cf. Sanskrit rtih "manner, mode;" Greek arti "just," artios "complete, suitable," artizein "to prepare;" Latin artus "joint;" Armenian arnam "make;" German art "manner, mode"), from root *ar- "fit together, join" (see arm (n.1)).

In Middle English usually with a sense of "skill in scholarship and learning" (c.1300), especially in the seven sciences, or liberal arts. This sense remains in Bachelor of Arts, etc. Meaning "human workmanship" (as opposed to nature) is from late 14c. Sense of "cunning and trickery" first attested c.1600. Meaning "skill in creative arts" is first recorded 1610s; especially of painting, sculpture, etc., from 1660s. Broader sense of the word remains in artless.

Fine arts, "those which appeal to the mind and the imagination" first recorded 1767. Expression art for art's sake (1824) translates French l'art pour l'art. First record of art critic is from 1847. Arts and crafts "decorative design and handcraft" first attested in the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society, founded in London, 1888.


Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.