But noblesse,—villeinage,—these are fixed,—may not be overthrown.
Such redemption was considered a special mark of tenure in villeinage.
In England it subsisted for some ages under the name of villeinage.
For one thing, the poll-tax was stopped, and the end of villeinage was hastened.
The total abolition of all villeinage (forced labour) and serfdom.
In Scotland they had just been emancipated from the status of villeinage.
But when villeinage ceased, various and opposite courses seemed to have been pursued in different boroughs.
The ceorls tended to sink to the position known later as villeinage.
Meanwhile, one great portion of our villeinage in our larger towns we have much mitigated.
Britton, who wrote in the reign of Edward I., thus describes this tenure under the name of Villeinage.