The collective farm population consisted of almost 3.5 million families, including more than 10 million collective members.
Whereas the growth of income from collective farm work amounted to 85 percent, income from private plots advanced by 147 percent.
The collective farm statute also entitles each family to maintain a few domestic animals privately.
Women constituted about 43 percent of the industrial and 57.5 percent of the collective farm labor forces.
Collective farm associations are organized for various types of specialized production.
The collective farm cannot limit the number of members who may participate in the work.
Mechanized work on farms is carried on by permanent teams composed of agricultural mechanics and collective farm members.
Not all the collective farm members participate in the work of the collective.
Collective farm statutes require the farms to devote from 18 to 25 percent of their annual gross income to investment.
Until 1961 collective farm members received a rental payment for the land in the annual distribution of the farm's income.