Social duty is a matter of blood relationship, and extends only to the kindred.
Blood relationship between the Vertebrata and the Invertebrata.
In this way the degree of blood relationship could be ascertained.
Totame, or totem is the term, and it is a word appealed to by them with pride, and as furnishing evidence of blood relationship.
Hence in most cases the term Zulu implies political rather than blood relationship.
Yet the very words and gens indicate the idea of blood relationship, just as 'clan' does.
Monarchs frequently applied this epithet to their noblemen, even when no blood relationship existed.
Blood relationship is traced as far as the second cousin and is a bar to marriage.
Blood relationship through a common mother preceded that of descent through the father in the development of society.
The terms do not denote degrees of blood relationship, but of brotherhood in the totem (or phratry, or matrimonial class).