Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.

EXAMPLES FROM THE WEB FOR SUMMING

So I smoked on, chatting pleasantly and, as was my custom, summing him up.

At first this summing up may not be very readily acceptable.

The result of our investigation, the summing up, will be found in the following table.

He joined Izzy in the locker room, summing up the situation.

Wise men shrink from summing them up in single propositions.

And where, she asked herself in a summing up, might such a man not be found?

In summing up the discussion I confess with shame that I temporised.

And summing all up, found due upon the balance by John Bull to Nic.

Summing up of the arguments by the President and decision by him in the negative.

Let us begin by summing up all the facts so far ascertained.

WORD ORIGIN

late 13c., "quantity or amount of money," from Anglo-French and Old French summe (13c.), from Latin summa "total number, whole, essence, gist," noun use of fem. of summus "highest," from PIE *sup-mos-, from root *uper "over" (see super-).

The sense development from "highest" to "total number" is probably via the Roman custom of adding up a stack of figures from the bottom and writing the sum at the top, rather than at the bottom as we do now (cf. the bottom line). Meaning "total number of anything" is recorded from late 14c. Meaning "essence of a writing or speech" also is attested from late 14c. The verb is attested from c.1300; meaning "briefly state the substance of" (now usually with up) is first recorded 1620s. Sum-total is attested from late 14c., from Medieval Latin summa totalis.

MORE RELATED WORDS FOR SUMMING

addition

nounarithmetical process of augmentation
Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.