Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.


The writer has rarely had success in sugaring in the depths of forests.

Sugaring is the next attraction, and a very important one it is.

"It is a very pleasant evening," he remarked, sugaring his potato.

They're going up for my spring vacation and take in the sugaring off.

It was curious, too, considering that everybody knew all about sugaring.

"Sugaring off," as the boiling down of the sap is called, is quite an event.

Gordon is preparing for sugaring, making spouts and buckets.

The great occasions for the boy, though, are the times of "sugaring off."

The skittish individuals may be best captured by means of the sugaring drum, of which a cut is given in Fig. 17.

The young shoots are cut and their pith contents removed to make pipes for drawing maple sap from the trees in sugaring time.


late 13c., sugre, from Old French sucre "sugar" (12c.), from Medieval Latin succarum, from Arabic sukkar, from Persian shakar, from Sanskrit sharkara "ground or candied sugar," originally "grit, gravel" (cognate with Greek kroke "pebble"). The Arabic word also was borrowed in Italian (zucchero), Spanish (azucar), and German (Old High German zucura, German Zucker), and its forms are represented in most European languages (cf. Serb. cukar, Polish cukier, Russian sakhar).

Its Old World home was India (Alexander the Great's companions marveled at the "honey without bees") and it remained exotic in Europe until the Arabs began to cultivate it in Sicily and Spain; not until after the Crusades did it begin to rival honey as the West's sweetener. The Spaniards in the West Indies began raising sugar cane in 1506; first grown in Cuba 1523; first cultivated in Brazil 1532. The -g- in the English form cannot be accounted for. The pronunciation shift from s- to sh- is probably from the initial long vowel sound syu- (as in sure). Slang "euphemistic substitute for an imprecation" [OED] is attested from 1891. As a term of endearment, first recorded 1930. Sugar maple is from 1753. Sugar loaf was originally a moulded conical mass of refined sugar (early 15c.); they're now obsolete, but sense extended 17c. to hills, hats, etc. of that shape.

Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.