Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.

EXAMPLES FROM THE WEB FOR SCREWS UP

Denis grins, and screws up his eye at the magistrate incredulously.

First Itinerant Physician (as he screws up fragments of candy in pieces of newspaper).

One would know, by the way she screws up her hair, that she could never have felt a temptation.

He screws up his face, and the more fervent the prayer is (or the more people are looking at him), the more grimaces he makes.

"Out of tune," mutters Bob, and he screws up one of the little pegs to tighten the string; then he tries again.

The author picks up the other bottle, holds it to the light, screws up one eye at it, and places it lengthwise on the table.

Assemble as previously described, using glue where necessary and turning all screws up tightly.

WORD ORIGIN

"cylinder of wood or metal with a spiral ridge round it; hole in which a screw turns," c.1400, from Middle French escroue "nut, cylindrical socket, screwhole," of uncertain etymology; not found in other Romanic languages. Perhaps via Gallo-Romance *scroba or West Germanic *scruva from Vulgar Latin scrobis "screw-head groove," in classical Latin "ditch, trench," also "vagina" (Diez, though OED finds this "phonologically impossible").

Kluge, Watkins and others trace it to Latin scrofa "breeding sow," perhaps based on the shape of a pig's penis (cf. Portuguese porca, Spanish perca "a female screw," from Latin porca "sow"). Latin scrofa is literally "digger, rooter," from PIE root *(s)ker- (1) "to cut" (see shear (v.)). A group of apparently cognate Germanic words (Middle Low German, Middle Dutch schruve, Dutch schroef, German Schraube, Swedish skrufva "screw") are said to be French loan-words.

Sense of "means of pressure or coercion" is from 1640s, probably in reference to instruments of torture (e.g. thumbscrews). Meaning "prison guard, warden" is 1812 in underworld slang, originally in reference to the key they carried (screw as slang for "key" attested from 1795). Slang meaning "an act of copulation" is recorded from 1929 (meaning "a prostitute" is attested from 1725). To have a screw loose "have a dangerous (usually mental) weakness" is recorded from 1810.

Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group.