Often the trees are trained on cordons, espaliers, trellises or walls.
It may be grown as an open dwarf, and is well suited for espaliers.
Some, however, are trained as espaliers against walls, and in fan shape.
In the form of espaliers plums are often trained against walls.
All of the better types of espaliers are suited to pear trees.
All bush fruits can be grown in such forms as cordons, espaliers, etc.
Various forms of espaliers are handled in much the same way.
They succeed better as bushes than as espaliers or trained to walls.
Besides, there were luscious pears and plums, and upon the espaliers, vines bearing bushels of sweet grapes.
If grafted on the paradise stock it is well suited for espaliers, or growing as an open dwarf.