The last was practically the counterpart of the mediæval English copyholder.
So after a while instead of "villein" he became a "copyholder."
Most former electors and every leaseholder and every copyholder were now excluded.
A copyholder without legal remedy may seem little better than a tenant in mere villenage, except in name.
This copyholder was undoubtedly the descendant of the Welsh serf of mediæval times.
The copyholder must not commit waste either by cutting 117 down timber, &c., or by neglecting to repair buildings.
The rise of the copyholder from a state of uncertainty to certainty of tenure appears to have been very gradual.
He drove a delivery wagon for a grocer, ushered at a theater, was even a copyholder in the proofroom of a newspaper.
The customary tenant is therefore between the freeholder and the copyholder, with a number of well defined privileges.
For it is the destruction of the inheritance and against the nature of a copyholder for life.