5. Institutions


[Antonyms: reward.]

[Nouns] punishment,punition; chastisement, chastening; correction, castigation.

discipline, infliction, trial; judgment; penalty [more]; retribution; thunderbold, Nemesis; requital (reward) [more]; penology; retributive justice.

lash, scaffold (instrument of punishment) [more]; imprisonment (restraint) [more]; transportation, banishment, expulsion, exile, involuntary exile, ostracism; penal servitude, hard labor; galleys [more]; beating; flagellation, fustigation, gantlet, strappado, estrapade, bastinado, argumentum baculinum, stick law, rap on the knuckles, box on the ear; blow (impulse) [more]; stripe, cuff, kick, buffet, pummel; slap, slap in the face; wipe, douse; coup de grace; torture, rack; picket, picketing; dragonnade.

capital punishment; execution; hanging; electrocution, rail-riding, scarpines; decapitation, decollation; garrotte, garrotto; crucifixion, impalement; martyrdom; auto-da-fe; noyade; happy dispatch.

hara-kiri, seppuku.

[Verbs] punish; chastise, chasten; castigate, correct, inflict punishment, administer correction, deal retributive justice; cowhide, lambaste.

visit upon, pay; pay out, serve out; do for; make short work of, give a lesson to, serve one right, make an example of; have a rod in pickle for; give it one.

strike [more]; deal a blow to, administer the lash, smite; slap, slap the face; smack, cuff, box the ears, spank, thwack, thump, beat, lay on, swinge, buffet; thresh, thrash, pummel, drub, leather, trounce, sandbag, baste, belabor; lace, lace one's jacket; dress, give a dressing, trim, warm, wipe, tund, cob, bang, strap, comb, lash, lick, larrup, wallop, whop, flog, scourge, whip, birch, cane, give the stick, switch, flagellate, horsewhip, bastinado, towel, rub down with an oaken towel, rib roast, dust one's jacket, fustigate, pitch into, lay about one, beat black and blue; beat to a mummy, beat to a jelly; give a black eye.

tar and feather; pelt, stone, lapidate; masthead, keelhaul.

execute; bring to the block, bring to the gallows; behead, decapitate, guillotine; decollate; hang, turn off, gibbet, bowstring, hang, draw and quarter; shoot; decimate; burn; break on the wheel, crucify; empale, impale; flay; lynch; electrocute.

torture; put on, put to the rack; picket.

banish, exile, transport, expel, ostracize; rusticate; drum out; dismiss, disbar, disbench; strike off the roll, unfrock; post.

suffer, suffer for, suffer punishment; be flogged.

be hanged, come to the gallows, dance upon nothing, die in one's shoes; be rightly served.

[Adjectives] punishing; penal; punitory, punitive; inflictive, castigatory; punished.

[Interjections] a la lanterne!

[Phrases] culpan paena premit comes [Horace]; "eating the bitter bread of banishment" [Richard II]; gravis ira regum est semper [Seneca]; sera tamen tacitis paena venit pedibus [Tibullus]; suo sibi gladio hunc jugulo [Terence].

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