1. Passive Affections


[Antonyms: pleasure.]

[Nouns] mental suffering, pain, dolor; suffering, sufferance; ache, smart (physical pain) [more]; passion.

displeasure, dissatisfaction, discomfort, discomposure, disquiet; malaise; inquietude, uneasiness, vexation of spirit; taking; discontent [more].

dejection [more]; weariness [more]; anhedonia.

annoyance, irritation, worry, infliction, visitation; plague, bore; bother, botheration; stew, vexation, mortification, chagrin, esclandre; mauvais quart d'heur.

care, anxiety, solicitude, trouble, trial, ordeal, fiery ordeal, shock, blow, cark, dole, fret, burden, load.

concern, grief, sorrow, distress, affliction, woe, bitterness, heartache; carking cares; heavy heart, aching heart, bleeding heart, broken heart; heavy affliction, gnawing grief.

unhappiness, infelicity, misery, tribulation, wretchedness, desolation; despair [more]; extremity, prostration, depth of misery.

nightmare, ephialtes, incubus.

pang, anguish, agony; torture, torment; purgatory (hell) [more].

hell upon earth; iron age, reign of terror; slough of depond (adversity) [more]; peck of troubles; "ills that flesh is heir to" [Hamlet] (evil) [more]; miseries of human life; "unkindest cut of all" [Julius Caesar].

sufferer, victim, prey, martyr, object of compassion, wretch, shorn lamb.

[Verbs] feel pain, suffer pain, experience pain, unergo pain, bear pain, endure pain, smart, ache (physical pain) [more]; suffer, bleed, ail; be the victim of.

labor under afflictions; bear the cross; quaff the bitter cup, have a bad time of it; fall on evil days (adversity) [more]; go hard with, come to grief, fall a sacrifice to, drain the cup of misery to the dregs, "sup full of horrors" [Macbeth].

sit on thorns, be on pins and needles, wince, fret, chafe, worry oneself, be in a taking, fret and fume; take on, take to heart; cark.

grieve; mourn (lament) [more]; yearn, repine, pine, droop, languish, sink; give way; despair [more]; break one's heart; weigh upon the heart (inflict pain) [more].

[Adjectives] in pain, in a state of pain, full of pain; suffering; pained, afflicted, worried, displeased [more]; aching, griped, sore (physical pain) [more]; on the rack, in limbo; between hawk and buzzard.

uncomfortable, uneasy; ill at ease; in a taking, in a way; disturbed; discontented [more]; out of humor [more]; weary [more].

heavy laden, stricken, crushed, a prey to, victimized, ill-used.

unfortunate (hapless) [more]; to be pitied, doomed, devoted, accursed, undone, lost, stranded; fey.

unhappy, infelicitous, poor, wretched, miserable, woe-begone; cheerless (dejected) [more]; careworn.

concerned, sorry; sorrowing, sorrowful; cut up, chagrined, horrified, horror-stricken; in grief, plunged in grief, a prey to grief; in tears (lamenting) [more]; steeped to the lips in misery; heart-stricken, heart-broken, heart-scalded; broken-hearted; in despair [more].

[Phrases] "the iron entered into our soul"; haeret lateri lethalis arundo [Vergil]; one's heart bleeding; "down, thou climbing sorrow" [Lear]; "mirth cannot move a soul in agony" [Love's Labor's Lost]; nessun maggior dolere che ricordarsi del tempo felice nella miseria; "sorrow's crown of sorrow is remembering happier things" [Tennyson]; "the niobe of Nations" [Byron].

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