4. Monetary Relations


[Antonyms: wealth.]

[Nouns] poverty, indigence, penury, pauperism, destitution, want; need, neediness; lack, necessity, privation, distress, difficulties, wolf at the door.

bad circumstances, poor circumstances, need circumstances, embarrassed circumstances, reduced circumstances, straightened circumstances; slender means, narrow means; straits; hand to mouth existence, red angusta domi, low water, impecuniosity.

beggary; mendicancy, mendicity; broken fortune, loss of fortune; insolvency (nonpayment) [more].

empty pocket, empty purse; light purse; beggarly account of empty boxes.

[poor people] poor man, pauper, mendicant, mumper, beggar, starveling; pauvre diable; fakir, schnorrer.

[Verbs] be poor; want, lack, starve, live from hand to mouth, have seen better days, go down in the world, come upon the parish; go to the dogs, go to wrack and ruin; not have a penny (money) [more], not have a shot in one's locker; beg one's bread; tirer le diable par la queue; run into debt (debt) [more].

render poor; impoverish; reduce, reduce to poverty; pauperize, fleece, ruin, bring to the parish.

[Adjectives] poor, indigent; poverty-stricken; badly off, poorly off, ill off; poor as a rat, poor as a church mouse, poor as a Job; fortuneless, dowerless, moneyless, penniless; unportioned, unmoneyed; impecunious; out of money, out of cash, short of money, short of cash; without a rap, not worth a rap (money) [more]; qui n'a pas le sou, out of pocket, hard up; out at elbows, out at heels; seedy, bare-footed; beggarly, beggared; destitute; fleeced, stripped; bereft, bereaved; reduced.

in want; needy, necessitous, distressed, pinched, straitened; put to one's shifts, put to one's last shifts; unable to keep the wolf from the door, unable to make both ends meet; embarrassed, under hatches; involved (in debt) [more]; insolvent (not paying) [more].

[Adverbs] in forma pauperis.

[Phrases] zonam perdidit; "a penniless lass wi' a lang pedigree" [Lady Nairne]; a pobreza no hay verguenza; "he that is down can fall no lower" [Butler]; poca roba poco pensiero; "steeped . . . in poverty to the very lips" [Othello]; "the short and simple annals of the poor" [Gray].

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