Rebating,—that is to say, departure from published tariffs,—occurs in both cases.
Much of the flagrant Standard Oil rebating in the eighties was almost openly, and certainly boldly, carried on by these means.
With the passage of time, and especially since 1896, new and even more elaborate schemes for rebating have come to light.
An entirely different plan of rebating,—and a most effective one,—has to do with apparently unrelated commercial transactions.
The rebating to the beef packers, especially on export business during 1902, was notorious.
This flowed perhaps from the circumstance that rebating was an essentially American abuse.
Rebating is the cutting of a rectangular slip out of the side of a piece of wood.