The life-cycle of Moniliformis moniliformis (Bremser, 1811), Acanthocephala.
There is some doubt as to the different stages in the life-cycle of this species.
The asexual part of the life-cycle was first described by Th.
On the other hand, the life-cycle is, in general, fairly simple.
The life-cycle or generation is one year, the winter being passed in the pupa stage.